Hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HCT) has been curative for many cancer malignancies and monogenetic diseases. However, current clinical limitations include small number of true HSCs in the transplant graft and the need for genotoxic myeloablative conditioning regimens. Teams at Fred Hutch and Memorial Sloan Kettering have discovered a novel role of LH in HSC biology and have demonstrated expansion of primitive HSC populations in the presence of LH. Furthermore, the teams are developing novel therapeutic agents to target the LHR receptor to specifically ablate HSCs as a non-myeloablative conditioning regimen prior to HCT.
- Ex vivo expansion of HSCs for cell and gene therapy
- Selective ablation of HSCs in vivo as a conditioning regimen (experiments in progress)
- Selective isolation of human and mouse HSCs from mixed tissue suspensions
- Therapeutic approach to promote hematopoietic recovery after radiation injury
- High LHR expression on the most primitive HSC populations allows for selective isolation of this cell population from mouse and man
- Selective ablation of HSCs would allow for non-genotoxic conditioning in vulnerable patient populations
- Targeting this pathway can also promote survival following a hematopoietic lethal dose of irradiation
Over 40 million people globally are suffering from hematopoietic diseases and HCT offers an attractive approach for curative treatment. From 2010 to 2014, there were 92,784 HSC transplants performed in the US. The conditioning regimen is a critical step in HCT and depending on method can have variable intensity, toxicity, and dependence upon a graft-versus-tumor effect. Thus opportunities exist for novel methods to improve conditioning methods.
- Jarrod Dudakov, PhD, Clinical Research Division
- Hans-Peter Kiem, MD, PhD, Clinical Research Division
- Marcel van den Brink, MD, PhD, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
- Enrico Velardi, PhD, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center